Everyone experiences exhaustion at some point or another. However, the type of tiredness experienced by someone without cancer is incredibly different than the type of tiredness experienced by a cancer survivor. In fact, saying “I’m tired” could even be an understatement. We touched base with Dr. Kuiper, Dr. Bram Kuiper is a clinical psychologist, scientific
entrepreneur and CEO of Tired of Cancer. Up until July 2017, Bram was the CEO of the Helen Dowling Institute for psycho-oncology and research a specialist in the field of cancer-related fatigue, to give us some background about what cancer-related fatigue is, and what you need to know about it.
1. What is cancer-related fatigue?
The definition given by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) explains it best. It reads: Cancer-Related Fatigue (CRF) is “a distressing, persistent, subjective sense of tiredness or exhaustion related to cancer or cancer treatment that is not proportional to recent activity and interferes with usual functioning.“CRF is far more than just being tired. The impact of cancer fatigue affects many aspects of a patient’s quality of life, including their physical, psychological, and social well-being. It can also limit their ability to function, socialize, and participate in activities they once enjoyed.
2. How is cancer-related fatigue different than “regular” fatigue?
Cancer-related fatigue, compared to normal fatigue, is fatigue that suddenly occurs, almost out of the blue. It feels like exhaustion and is, therefore, worse than normal fatigue and has a longer recovery time. It is not something that goes away with a cup of coffee or a few extra hours of sleep. Patients describe feeling suddenly “wiped out like an empty battery.” We also hear that it is difficult to explain to others. As one patient said “I can’t explain it, words fail me. Someone who hasn’t experienced this fatigue cannot understand.
3. Is it common for a colon or rectal cancer patient to experience cancer-related fatigue?
Cancer fatigue continues to be the most prevalent side effect of cancer and cancer treatment. For those recently diagnosed and undergoing treatment, approximately 80-90% experience fatigue. Even after treatment has ended, sometimes years later, it is estimated that 30-40% of cancer patients and survivors still suffer from it. Fatigue is also a common symptom in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC), particularly in those undergoing treatment (46% of patients experienced moderate to severe fatigue during treatment, while fatigue persisted in 27% of survivors).
4. How do I know if I have cancer-related fatigue
Fatigue can happen at varying points in the cancer journey. Cancer fatigue cannot be measured objectively, it is a subjective feeling. There is no blood test or scan for it. Only the person involved can understand how tired he or she is. However, similar to pain, fatigue can be described through a ranking scale from 0-10 whereby 0 is not tired at all and 10 is severely tired. Internationally it has been agreed that a score between 0 and 4 indicates that one is mildly fatigued, between 4 and 7 moderately fatigued, and between 7 and 10 severely fatigued. Almost every cancer patient is moderately to very fatigued during the first year after the diagnosis. Prolonged fatigue, and by this we mean many years, occurs in 30 to 40% of all cancer patients and survivors.
5. What treatments make cancer-related fatigue more severe
Treatments like chemotherapy induce fatigue, as it does in treatments of other cancer types. During chemotherapy, 59% of all CRC patients suffer from fatigue according to the study below. Approximately 39% of CRC survivors (up to 10 years post diagnosis) still reported fatigue compared 22% of the normative population.
6. Is there research going on to better understand how to manage cancer-related fatigue? Yes, more research is taking place in the U.S. and internationally to better understand cancer-related fatigue, its impact, and how to better manage it. There are many different studies looking at fatigue within a variety of different cancers and cancer stages. There are a few that are specific to colorectal cancer. Research continues to show the positive impact non-pharmacologic interventions like exercise has on cancer-related fatigue and patient quality of life. Through research, we can better understand and identify more ways to reduce cancer-related fatigue in hopes of improving the quality of life and reducing the fatigue burden for all cancer patients.